Hair Transplant Risks and Complications

Understanding the nature of hair transplant risks and complications is vital in assisting a potential hair transplant patient to have a successful surgery.

If a patient is aware of the dangers that he/she must go through in a hair transplant, then it develops self-awareness and cooperation for the benefit of the surgery.

Hair transplant risks do not only involve those possible negative reactions that might happen during the surgery such as bleeding and an anaphylactic reaction (allergy) to anesthesia. Even months after a surgery, a patient may still be in danger of having hair transplant scars and worst – a hair transplant failure.

A hair transplant failure is perhaps the most painful complication there is, since this condition refers to the inability of the supposedly healthy, transplanted hair follicles to grow new hair. What is even more daunting about this is the fact that a hair transplant failure necessitates a repeat of the procedure.

Hair Restoration Risks and Complications

The following is an enumeration of the different hair transplant risks and complications that may occur either during or after the procedure. Proper understanding of how these risks can be minimized is beneficial to a hair transplant patient.


Although the risk for bleeding in a hair transplant procedure is very minimal, the possible incidence of which should still be taken into consideration. For a normal person, the risk for bleeding is slim. However, there are other individuals with a pre-existing condition that may warrant special attention from the surgeon. Patients with bleeding disorders, most importantly hemophilia, must inform his/her surgeon about this condition before the procedure.


According to medical experts, males have a 20% risk of suffering from swelling after the surgery. Females, on the other hand, have a 30-40% chance. Swelling occurs after three days post hair transplant and it normally disappears on the sixth day.

Swelling is an indication that one’s immune system works properly. However, if the swelling does not subside, this can be a major cause of disturbance to the patient. Steroids such as prednisone are the medications prescribed by doctors to address this problem.


Since hair transplants also involve cutting through the scalp’s skin, thereby breaking the body’s first line of defense, the risk for infection is inevitable. Usually, doctors place the patient on antibiotic therapy to prevent infection post surgery.

In line with preventing infection, proper hygiene is expected from the patient after the surgery. Although the patient is refrained from taking a bath for a few days after the procedure, it is imperative that the patient doesn’t expose him/herself to agents that may cause germs to enter the operative site and cause an infection. The operative side must be kept clean and dressings must be dry at all times.

Hair Transplant Scars

The occurrence of scarring after a hair transplant procedure varies according to the type of procedure that was used. More modern approaches in harvesting the hair follicles such as Follicular Unit Transplantation cause only minimal scarring that are barely visible and can be hidden by the newly implanted hair when it grows. However, although scarring appears so sparingly with the use of modern techniques, there are some persons who develop keloids when their wounds heal.

Preventing Hair Transplant Risks and Complications

Every hair transplant patient must cooperate voluntarily with his/her surgeon to ensure that hair transplant risks are minimized and complications are avoided. One of the tangible things that a patient can do to fulfill this duty is to follow all the pre-operative and post-operative instructions of the surgeon and all members of the team who are directly handling one’s case.

Legal Risks and Issues

In order to avoid fraud or bogus hair transplants, a patient must be keen enough to make sure that his/her transplant doctor and transplant center facility is a reliable one. A patient must first do some legal background check about his/her surgeon before agreeing to proceed with the procedure. To protect oneself from the risks of deceit, it is important for a patient to verify first if the surgeon has no legal blunders pertaining to his/her practice.


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